Online Glossary Letter A

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Glossary-Items: Letter A

ADHD

This abbreviation is used to refer to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. It denotes a neurobiological disorder that is characterized by a dysfunction in attention and concentration, excessive impulsivity and, in some cases, severe agitation (hyperactivity).

 

Acceleration

The term acceleration is typically applied in the school context. What this means is that some students will begin topics in the curriculum at an earlier stage, cover the material at a faster pace, or complete topics earlier than other students in the same grade. One reason for this may be their high cognitive ability.

 

Asynchronous development

When the pace of a child‘s development varies from one area of development to another, this is referred to as asynchronous development. Sometimes gifted people progress faster in their cognitive development than in the areas of emotional, physical, or psychomotor development.

 

Autism

Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder. It is characterized by an impairment in social or professional areas of functioning. Symptoms include deficits in social interaction. At the same time, persistent, repetitive patterns of behavior or very unusual, restricted interests are typical of the disorder.

 

Ability

Ability refers to an individual’s intellectual aptitude or performance potential. Abilities can, under the right conditions, evolve into outstanding accomplishments or an abundance of insight and knowledge.

 

Attachment

Attachment is understood as the basic human need to develop secure relationships with other people who, in turn, are seen as important for the development of gifted and talented students.

 

Assessment

Assessment refers to the clarification of a specific question. Various sources of information are used for this.

 

Achievement

If a child or adolescent is gifted, this means that they have the potential for exceptional achievement, which, although it may be realized, does not necessarily have to be.