Online Glossary Letter D


Glossary-Items: Letter D


Differentiation refers to the use of learning activities and support measures that are oriented toward the individual needs of children and adolescents. This can occur in either a school or an early learning setting.


Disharmony hypothesis

The disharmony hypothesis (or divergence hypothesis) refers to the assumption that intellectual giftedness may go hand-in-hand with personality traits that are regarded less favorably, emotional disorders, a lack of social skills, or a reduced capability to deal with everyday life.



The documentation of educational processes serves as the basis for educational work and decision making in Kitas and schools and is a core element of educational assessment.


Developmental advantage

If a child is on a more advanced level in a certain skill or ability than the rest of their age group, this is referred to as a developmental advantage. An advantage in intellectual development is frequently assumed to be the case with gifted people‘s development. In the developmental advantage approach, a person’s giftedness is equated with their being more advanced in years in a certain area of knowledge—regardless of their intelligence.